Washington State University

Small Farms Team

Pastures and Forages

Grass varieties
Pasture renovation
Grazing practices
Mud management
Weed control
Forage resources
Hay production
Pasture soils

Grass varieties

Sustainable pasture management. 2006. Alice Beetz, Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA)

Forage Species, Forage Information System, Oregon State University. A library of information on forages. Designed by a Pacific Northwest expert.

Forage species images. Forage Information System, Oregon State University. Good pictures, in all sizes.

Pasture renovation

Pasture and Hayland Renovation for Western Washington and Oregon. This publication (EB1870) is designed to help you achieve a successful forage seeding whether you’re a beginning or experienced forage producer. It contains recommendations for seed mixes and seeding techniques on pasture and hayland based on soils, climate, and intended use of the area. Twenty-three selected and adapted forage grass and legume species are illustrated in line drawings and characterized for yield, seedling vigor, toxicities and more. Published February 2002.

Grazing practices

Managed Grazing in Riparian Areas. Barbara C. Bellows, NCAT Agriculture Specialist. Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas. June 2003.

Mud management

Reducing the Risk of Groundwater Contamination by Improving Animal Lot Management, Washington State University Extension, Clean Water for Washington, EB1746-f8. September 1993.

Manure Management in Small Farm Livestock Operations: Protecting surface and groundwater, D. Goodwin and J.A. Moore, Oregon state University Cooperative Extension, EM8649.. An excellent guide for small landowners with livestock near bodies of water. 1996.

Weed control

New Jersey Weed Gallery, Rutgers Cooperative Extension. Excellent color pictures of all pasture weeds.

Poisonous Plants Informational Database, Cornell University. Excellent pictures.

Plants toxic to animals. University of Illinois, Veterinary Medicine Library.

Selected Poisonous Plants of the Pacific Northwest, Susan R. Kerr, DVM, PhD, PAS, WSU Extension Director–Klickitat County. Fact Sheet # 1007-2005. (2.9MB PDF)

Forage resources

American Forage and Grassland Council
PO Box 94, Georgetown, Texas, 78627, 800-944-2342

Stockman Grass Farmer Magazine
PO Box 2300, Ridgeland, MS, 39158-9911, 800-748-9808

California Grazing Academy
Contact: Roger Ingram, UC Co-op Extension Livestock and Natural Resources Farm Advisor, DeWitt Center, 11477 E Ave, Auburn, CA 95603, 530-889-7385, ringram@ucdavis.edu

Quivira Coalition (promotes common-sense rangeland management)
1413 2nd Street, Ste. 1, Santa Fe, NM, 87505, 505-820-2544

The Eat Wild Web Site
Lists farmers and ranchers who raise livestock on pasture and sell directly to consumers

Hay production

Haymaking on the Westside, by Steven C. Fransen and Michael R. Hackett. Good quality hay can be produced on the west side of Washington State with proper knowledge, skills, equipment, storage, and perhaps a bit of luck. This publication (EB1897) provides insights on the other issues of westside Washington hay production. 20 color photos. Awarded “Certificate of Excellence in the 2002 Educational Materials” from the American Society of Agronomy. Published: April 2001. 12 pages. (pdf).

Pasture soils

Assessing the Pasture Soil Resource, Preston Sullivan, Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA), good description of the soil chemistry and biology we rely on for pasture health. February 2001.

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Small Farms Team, 2606 W. Pioneer, Washington State University, Puyallup, WA 98371-4998, Contact Us