Washington State University

Small Farms Team

Farming the Northwest and Farming West of the Cascades Publication Series

Pest management
Health and Nutrition


Baby Corn

The series Farming the Northwest and Farming West of the Cascades is a project of the WSU Small Farms Team. The Small Farms Team is a group of Extension faculty and staff seeking to promote and enhance sustainable, community-based food and fiber systems through research, education, and partnerships.

The Team is supported by the WSU Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources (CSANR).

Topics in this publication (PNW 0532) include: general information about baby corn, growing baby corn, selecting a variety, soil testing and applications, seed sources, marketing baby corn, references. 8 pages. Published May 2000.

Edamame is a traditional Japanese vegetable that is growing in popularity in the United States. Also called “vegetable soybean” and “sweet bean,” edamame is a nutritious and tasty vegetable or snack food with a sweet, nutty flavor. The purpose of this publication (PNW 0525) is to introduce edamame as a specialty crop and to describe how to grow and market it. 8 pages. Published March 2000.

Pea Shoots
Pea shoots are the young, tender vine tips of green or garden peas and are consumed as a vegetable. Pea shoots are generally 2–6 inches long, are eaten fresh or lightly cooked, and have a mild “pea pod” flavor. The purpose of this publication (PNW 567) is to introduce pea shoots as a specialty crop and to describe how to grow and market it. 12 pages. Published July 2003.

Growing Wasabi. Extension Publication PNW0605. 12 pages. Published May 2008.
Wasabi is a perennial plant native to Japan and is grown for its unique enlarged stem (sometime called a ‘root’ or ‘rhizome’). Wasabi has specific growing requirements and is well adapted to the Pacific Northwest. This publication provides information on cultivar selection, propagation, planting, harvest, and pest and disease managment.

Pest management

Using Beneficial Nematodes for Plant Protection
This publication (PNW544) is an introduction to beneficial nematodes. This includes their life cycles and functions, matching the correct nematode species with the pest species, applying at the right time, and using them under appropriate environmental conditions (temperature, soil moisture, sunlight). Published January 2001.


Fertilizing with Manure
This publication (PNW0533) is designed for the small to mid-sized crop producer (organic and conventional) to assist the producer in more efficiently managing nutrients from solid animal manures. The purpose is to describe how to determine the appropriate manure application rate based on the type of manure and crops, and to describe how to apply the manure that that rate. Published July 2000.

Soil Management for Small Farms
This publication (EB1895) is a source of basic information on soil’s physical and biological properties, soil types in western Washington, nutrient management, and soil testing. It describes nutrient cycles, how to calculate fertilizer needs, spreader calibration for organic and inorganic fertilizers, and water quality protection. Published August 2000.

Fertilizing with yard trimmings
This publication (EB1926e) describes the use of yard trimmings (a mixture of grass clippings, leaves, woody trimmings, weeds, and soil), which can be beneficial to the soil as they are a good source of plant nutrients and organic matter. This publication describes the use of yard trimmings in agriculture including: nutrient content and properties of yard trimmings, estimating nitrogen availability from yard trimmings, calculating application rates, managing yard trimmings applications, permits for applications, and repeated applications. Published February 2002.


Pasture and hayland renovation in western Washington
This publication (EB1870) is designed to help you achieve a successful forage seeding whether you’re a beginning or experienced forage producer. It contains recommendations for seed mixes and seeding techniques on pasture and hayland based on soils, climate, and intended use of the area. Twenty-three selected and adapted forage grass and legume species are illustrated in line drawings and characterized for yield, seedling vigor, toxicities and more. Published February 2002.

Haymaking on the Westside, (pdf). Good quality hay can be produced on the west side of Washington State with proper knowledge, skills, equipment, storage, and perhaps a bit of luck. This publication (EB1897) provides insights on the other issues of westside Washington hay production. 20 color photos. Awarded “Certificate of Excellence in the 2002 Educational Materials” from the American Society of Agronomy. Published: April 2001. Revised: April 2001. 12 pages.


Tube Feeding Neonatal Small Ruminants. This publication (EB 1998) gives a complete overview of the topic of tube feeding neonatal lambs and kids. Relevant anatomy, indications, and techniques are presented. Photographs illustrate the techniques discussed. Information about colostrum, biosecurity, sanitation, and passive transfer of immunity is included as well.


Building Trust with Consumers
The objective of this publication (EB 1889) is to demonstrate that marketing is essentially an exercise in building trust. It asserts that small farmers can benefit from developing a more intimate form of trust with their customers. Published January 2000.

Farm Business records: An Introduction
This publication (EB 1904) discusses the importance of farm records, explains the basics of bookkeeping, and outlines other major record keeping components and concepts including asset inventory, depreciation, profit and loss, enterprise accounting and cash flow. Published April 2001.

Organic Food Production in Washington State
This publication (EB 1888) is an overview of the Washington State organic production standards and certification process of crops, mushrooms, livestock, and value-added products. Published December 1999.

Producing Value-Added Products for Market: Start with Food Safety
This 4-page color publication (EB1902) describes important food safety considerations and guidelines for the small-scale commercial producer. Also included is a list of agencies that regulate small and value-added food processors and community resources that are available to you in Washington State.

Using Enterprise Budgets for Making Decisions on your Farm
Publication PNW0535 describes how to develop and use enterprise budgets to improve decision making. Example decisions include determining the most profitable crops to grow, developing a marketing strategy, and obtaining financing. Published August 2000. 

Health and Nutrition

Spelt for Human Health and Nutrition (EB1977). Spelt is very closely related to wheat, and spelt flour is used to make bread, pasta, cold and hot cereals, and baking mixes. This new publication, EB1977, answers common questions that consumers may have regarding whether or not spelt can be used as alternative to wheat, especially for those people who suffer from wheat allergies or gluten intolerance. This publication also provides nutritional and cooking information for spelt. 8 pages.

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Small Farms Team, 2606 W. Pioneer, Washington State University, Puyallup, WA 98371-4998, Contact Us